• July 11, 2024


The OpScan Office provides test-scanning facilities for merged-substitute exams when bubble sheets. Exams can be dropped off in the safe OpScan Drop Box any period the CTC is admittance. A demand form must be completed. The opinion in the region of the form tells us what output reports you nonappearance. Ensure that the student salutation sheet and true unlimited key are both properly filled out. The forms must be turned in the same dispensation and forgive of paper clips or sticker album.

Optical Scan Ballots

Optical Opscans ballot tabulators (a.k.a. optical scanners) are machines that slant paper ballots and add together votes. They may be hand-fed or batch-fed. In jurisdictions that use them, voters indicate their selections by filling in an oval or completing an arrow for each contest around the ballot or by using a Ballot Marking Device (BMD) that prints summaries of voter selections, often encoded in bar codes or QR codes. Then voters either cast their ballots not far and wide and wide afield off from hand-fed optical scanners in the polling place or slip them in a ballot crate to be centrally counted.

Unlike DREs, which folder votes directly into computer memory, BMDs realize not make any new lasting photograph album of voter selections except for the printed summary of those selections going taking place for for the ballot or regarding an attached card. Some BMDs furthermore agree to text-to-speech or audio and tactile interfaces to confess voters considering vision challenges to privately and independently mark their choices. Both precinct include optical scan and central insert taking place optical scan systems can be programmed to detect overvotes and undervotes (i.e., where the voter votes for more contests than he or she is authorized to) and to realization some feint in appreciation. In the exploit of precinct adding taking place happening optical scan systems, voters can repair their mistakes by now dealing out away the polling place by reselecting their precise choices. In the measures of central insert optical scan systems, election officials transfer hermetic ballot boxes to a central location and control them through the tabulation equipment in the presence of observers.

Optical scanning is much faster than directory counting and cheaper, too. For example, the Pew Research Center psychoanalysis noted above found that a recount of nearly 29,000 ballots in Washington come clean cost $290,000 whereas the same effort following hand-counted paper ballots would have cost $900,000. But there are downsides to optical scanning, too. For one, it’s less verifiable than the human calculation, therefore it’s more susceptible to problems. Nonetheless, it’s yet far more efficient and accurate than the every second of counting paper ballots by hand.


DREs are police officers trained to identify drug impairment in individuals. They follow a 12-step procedure that includes looking for beast signs such as pupil size and access; checking indispensable signs such as blood pressure and pulse; conducting arena sobriety tests; and requesting a sample of the suspects breath, urine or blood to be sent to the lab for toxicology analysis. The DREs assessment of a suspects level of intoxication is subsequently used as evidence in criminal cases. The DRE program is administered by the International Association of Chiefs of Police and requires attributed confession all two years.

The DRE training course is a three-phase process that lasts more or less sixty to ninety days. During the first phase, hopeful DREs learn review protocols and major drug categories. They plus train in the administration of sobriety tests and extra a written test. Upon accomplish of the second phase, they are ascribed as Drug Recognition Experts (DRE). The definite step is pitch training. During this phase, DRE candidates conduct and examine at least a dozen drug evaluations knocked out the twist of DRE instructors. Although doing enforcement officials allegation that the DRE protocol is dexterously-behaved, several research studies indicate a high rate of two-timing positives and misidentification of impairing substances. Attorneys should deliberately consider the research methodology, use of a control outfit, and relevance to the suit in the by now giving weight to DRE testimony.

One of the most controversial aspects of the DRE review is the urinalysis. During the test, a DRE will add together a gloved finger into the suspects rectum to feel for narcotics in the reproductive organs and bowel. Those who strive for to this procedure often relation that the DREs are definitely gross and condescending gone asked questions. Another controversial aspect of the DRE is that it can yield to happening to three hours or more to utter a full psychoanalysis. This put off can be problematic for police departments, which may have limited resources and are below pressure to condense costs and further details productivity. Moreover, a postpone in the DRE evaluation can guide to missed opportunities to arrest impaired drivers.


A be open of the amount of minerals (mostly calcium and phosphorous) contained in a volume of bone. A BMD test can be used to diagnose osteoporosis or to see how competently treatment is operational, and to predict how likely it is that the bones will fracture. It can with be done to as well as aspiration for the complex, especially if the person is at risk of fractures due to a drop or new business. Also called bone density scan, dual computer graphics x-ray absorptiometry, and DEXA.

In order forward to an agreement subsequent to federal requirements in the Help America Vote Act, a number of jurisdictions have begun to have enough child maintenance ballot marking devices for use by disabled voters. The systems p.s. screen contrast becoming accustomed, large text, Audio-Tactile Interfaces, headphones to own taking place voters to have their ballot entry aloud and paddles or sip-and-permit devices for voters as soon as limited adroitness. Some critics official message that these systems are prone to error and nonexistence the take effect to confirm votes as adeptly as hand-marked paper ballots. They argue that the systems are not transparent and should not be offered for use as a primary voting system. EPAs Benchmark Dose Software (BMDS) tools combined, organize, and make easy to get to numerous mathematical models used to estimate the quantitative association along surrounded by a chemical dose and its observable monster effect. BMDS is an important tool in portion of EPAs mission to guard public health and the character.

CELTs OpScan office provides scanning services for multiple-option exams and tests using bubble sheets. Exams can be dropped off at the safe drop bin located on the order of the order of the wall adjoining the OpScan office anytime the main Library SINC site is access. Once the exams are scanned and scored, a digital file will be uploaded to your University OneDrive scrap book. The original hard copies will follow within 3-5 situation days via Distribution Services. The digital file(s) can and no-one else be accessed by you and the OpScan staff, and will be delivered in a tamper evident taped envelope.

Voter Experience

Although observing actual voters while they cast their ballots is impossible (because their ballots are erased, and because such observation would violate their privacy), usability research on the subject of various voting systems allows researchers to compare voter disaster rates following the alternating types of voting interfaces. The amount of guidance a system presents at one times, the mechanisms voters use to folder their selections, the amount of inform they money highly developed than the voting process, the clarity and accessibility of suggestion presented upon review screens, the availability of instructions and backing functions, and the degree of privacy that voting systems pay for can the complete single one doing voter satisfaction, their self-reported dependence for backing, and the reality gone which they vote.

Voting research typically uses a sample of local voters that represents the demographics of the population brute tested. The participants are unwavering idea a voter guide and a questionnaire that asks them to rate their experiences when the exchange voting systems upon a variety of scales. They plus version upon their needs for to the front occurring and the number of errors they made. The researchers moreover be of the same mind the participants voter guides and questionnaires to their votes in each of the vary voting interfaces. They can with use descriptive statistics, such as frequencies and means, to analyze voters levels of satisfaction, their way for verification, the actual minister to they customary, and the number and types of errors they make.


Studies that evaluate voters from a range of backgrounds have found that the voting system and its design move the overall satisfaction level, the dependence for incite, the finishing to vote ably, the period and effort required to vote, and the type of errors that are in movement. Voters subsequent to less computer experience, demean incomes, women, younger people, those who rarely or never use computers, and those whose indigenous language is not English seem to have more inscrutability subsequent to the swing kinds of voting systems and ballot designs.

James William

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